Cosmetology is the study of beauty treatments including nail care, hair care and styling, makeup application, skin care and more. Esthetics is one branch of cosmetology; some estheticians work in other branches of cosmetology in addition to their skin care practice.
The principles and procedures of cosmetic surgery are focused on enhancing the person’s physical appearances like improving the aesthetic appeal, proportion and symmetry. It can be performed on all areas in the human body.
Many people think that cosmetic surgery is same as plastic surgery. But no, they are not. While cosmetic surgery is an optional procedure for improving the appearance, plastic surgery is done to correct the facial and body defects due to birth disorders, burns or diseases.
Types of procedures:
Surgical type The traditional open surgery is replaced by Minimal Invasive Surgery, which enables the surgeon to perform even a major surgery through several tiny openings instead of large cut. This type of surgery is done using a viewing scope and specially designed surgical instruments. The laser procedure used in cosmetic surgeries helps the patient to recover faster. Some examples of surgical procedures are liposuction, breast implants and facelifts.
Non-surgical type Not all beauty enhancements needs a surgery. Skin refreshment, reducing wrinkles, removing unwanted facial and body hair can be done by non-surgical methods at our leisure. A variety of skin care products are available for correcting aging skin, uneven pigmentation and sunburns. Chemical peels can be used for rejuvenating the skin. Waxing can be done for hair removal.
There are even injectables to help get the beauty you need. Botulinum toxin (BOTOX) injection is used to relax wrinkles. Dermal filler is injected to plump thin lips and to reshape the nose (rhinoplasty).
Below is the list of most number of cosmetic surgeries performed in 2016.
- Breast Enhancement
- Fat removal (Liposuction)
- Nose reshaping (Rhinoplasty)
- Eyelid surgery (Blepharoplasty)
- Facelifts (Rhytidectomy)
- Tummy tuck (Abdominoplasty)
- Scar removal (Dermabrasion)
- Botox (to remove wrinkles)
- Dermal Fillers (also known as soft tissue fillers used to reshape lips)
- Chemical Peels (used as external application to make the skin smooth)
- Laser hair removal (for unwanted facial or body hair)
- Microdermabrasion (for rejuvenating the skin after discoloration, stretching or sun damage)